Qatar is a peninsula formerly a hub for fishing, pearl diving and trade, Qatar is now an emerging global economic leader thanks to its significant natural resources. Qatar is the world’s largest exporter of liquid natural gas, or LNG, and its GDP per capita is one of the highest in the world.
Qatar is actively diversifying its economy to ensure the long-term prosperity of its people. This far-sighted strategy is the cornerstone of the Qatar National Vision 2030, which follows the directives of the Qatari Constitution and those of His Highness Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al-Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar, His Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifah Al-Thani, the Father Emir, and Her Highness Sheikha Moza Bint Nasser.
The State of Qatar is located half way along the western coast of Arabian Gulf falling approximately between the latitudes 24- 27 and 26- 10 North and the longitudes 50- 45- and 51- 40 East. The Qatari peninsula extends northwards covering approximately an area of 11572 sq. km, and the country includes a number of islands, reefs and shoals in the coastal waters of the peninsula. Halul, Shira?wa, Al Ashat and Al Bashiria are the most well known among these. The peninsula is approximately 185 km. in length and 85 km. in width. The waters of the Arabian Gulf surround by far the majority of the country while the only land border of about 60 km separates the country from the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The United Arab Emirates lies in the east of the country. The territorial waters of Qatar extend approximately 95 nautical miles east and around 51 nautical miles north into the Arabian Gulf.
The Flag of Qatar :
The national flag of the state of Qatar consists of the two colors, Al-Adaam color and the white color with nine isosceles triangles separating the two colors. Al-Adaam color symbolizes the blood shed during the several wars Qatar has undergone, particularly in the second half of the 19th century.
Qatari riyal (QAR). Each Qatari riyal is divided into 100 dirhams. Notes in circulation: QAR1, QAR5, QAR10, QAR50, QAR100 and QAR500. QAR0.50 (fifty dirhams) and QAR0.25. Smaller Coins are also legal Tender but are rarely seen.
Qatar gained independence on 3rd September 1971.
HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani assumed power in the State of Qatar on June 25, 2013 following the abdication of his Father Emir HH Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.
National Day : 18 December
Eid Al-Fitr: At the 1st of Shawwal for four days.
Eid Al- Adha: starts at 9th of Zilhijjah for five days.
Work Hours: Government offices: 7 am to 2 pm.
Private establishments: 8 am to 12 noon, and 4 pm to 8 pm.
Friday and Saturday are the weekend holidays.
Shopping Center: 10 am to 10 pm